1. Lionhead Studios
Referring to Lionhead Studios, people will immediately remember Black and White, Fable or Fable Legends. Founded in 1996, the studio was acquired by Microsoft in 2012. Lionhead’s later releases still have a reputation for their expertise, but unfortunately they don’t sell too much.
By 2016, Lionhead was officially closed after the failure of the cult project Fable: Legends. Spending up to $ 75 million with no positive results, the studio founded by Peter Molyneux had to say goodbye to the gaming industry.
THQ is one of the pillars of the Western industry, having released many hit titles Darksiders, Saint Rows, Red Faction, and so on. Unfortunately, during the 2010s, the company This consistently produces lousy products and sluggish sales. In 2013, THQ went bankrupt and was acquired by Nordic Games, thereby changing its name to THQ Nordic.
Artoon was founded in 1999 and is well known in the gaming community for its quality products such as Yoshi’s Island DS, Blue Dragon and The Last Story. However, that is still too little, as Artoon does not generate too much revenue for the parent company. By 2010, AQ Interactive decided to disband Artoon with feelplus and Cavia, and then merge key personnel into a big company.
4. Red Octane
Guitar Hero, the cult product of combining music and video games together, is a product of Red Octane, thereby making them a phenomenon in the gaming industry. In 2006, Activision decided to buy this company and develop the Guitar Hero series to become even more powerful.
However, this decision was a big mistake, as Activision just wanted to milk and offer a way that made the key staff of Red Octane dissatisfied and abandoned the studio. Later, Guitar Hero lost its appeal to gamers and officially broke up with gamers in 2015.
5. Zipper Interactive
Zipper Interactive was established in 2015 and is the father of the famous SOCOM US Navy SEAL game on PlayStation. Despite being appreciated by professionals, but SOCOM has never been able to compete with the bosses in the shooter series like Call of Duty and Battlefield. By 2012, this studio was shut down by Sony itself, although it was still developing two new titles for the PS4.
6. Pandemic Studios
Pandemic Studios was established in 1998, when continuously creating successful titles like Star Wars: Battlefront or Destroy All Humans. With such a great reputation, Pandemic was acquired by EA in 2007 with the expectation to reach new heights. However, the studio went bankrupt 2 years later due to an internal conflict. Most of the studio’s employees have moved to other companies in the gaming industry such as 343 Industries, Infinity Ward, Treyarch and Respawn Entertainment.
7. Clover Studio
Clover Studio was created by Shinji Mikami and Atsushi Inaba, the cult game makers who created Devil May Cry and Resident Evil. This company is owned by Capcom and has since created many hit titles like Viewtiful Joe, God Hand and Okami.
Although receiving high praise from the community of the same profession, Clover’s games do not have high sales. This causes parent company Capcom to falter and no longer invest in “4-leaf grass”. Later, the staff of this studio left and made some success with new companies such as Platinum Games and Tango Gameworks.