Triceratops is a dinosaur that everyone knows when it comes to it. They are famous for their large “shield” and three huge horns that grow on their heads. But most people only know their appearance and the truths behind them are not known.
Is Triceratops not the largest three-horned dinosaur ever known?
Triceratops are a very large species, their average body length is about 7 meters and weighs 6 tons, while simulating the largest specimen of triceratops ever found by humans ( UCMP 128561, fossils of the nose bone), the owner of which has an estimated length of up to 8.5 meters and weighs nearly 11 tons.
Paleontologists have discovered fossil bones of the triceratops in Canada, a fossil named Eotriceratops, the triceratops have a skull length of up to 3 meters. and horns are much longer than ordinary Triceratops.
Estimated body length of Eotriceratops is up to 8.5 meters and weighs up to nearly 11 tons. Although they have the largest body in the family of three-horned dinosaurs, so far, their fossils are still too small, so there is not enough evidence to confirm that they are a completely separate species. So far, according to scientific grounds, Triceratops is still considered to be the largest horned dinosaur ever to exist on our planet.
The manner of attack of a three-horned dinosaur is not like the sensation
Many scientific papers and conjectures by paleontologists suggest that triceratops tend to behave like modern rhinos. When in danger, or feeling threatened, they will charge towards the enemy and use the large horns on their heads as weapons of attack.
But in fact, in 2003, a documentary called “The Truth About Killer Dinosaurs” proved the exact opposite. The team used a three-horned dinosaur model modeled after fossil samples found to conduct experiments on how they attacked enemies like rhinos.
The results showed that the nasal bone was broken at the time of the collision, proving that the strength of the Triceratops skull could not support the sprint attack like the modern rhino.
Triceratops’ horns are actually much more curved than we know
The large horn is always considered a distinctive sign of Triceratops, especially the two large long horns above the eyes. Scientists had previously thought that their horns grew straight as what was preserved on fossil samples. But in fact, through many studies, paleontologists have shown that only the inner bone of the horns is preserved and that the outer horn is lost over time buried below. ground.
Paleontologists believe that the outer horn of a triceratops will bend with age, so the shape of their actual horns will be different from the fossils we see today.
If you look at the skull of the three-horned dinosaur, you will probably find that their bones are not smooth, instead there are wrinkles like fruits that begin to wither, so there will certainly be many people. Think they will own an extremely wrinkled face. But paleontologists thought it was completely cloaked, and scientists thought that the heads and faces of the three-horned dinosaurs covered with a layer of Keratin acted as a protective mask.
They have long spines on their bodies
In addition to the bone fossil samples of Triceratops, a large number of skin fossils of triceratops have also been discovered by archaeologists in recent decades. From these specimens, paleontologists analyzed their skin structure and discovered that their bodies existed a lot of long, sharp bristles like thorns to protect the body, especially hindquarters and buttocks.
Three-horned dinosaurs also eat meat
In the impression as well as the understanding of many people, the three-horned dinosaur is a vegan species like modern rhino, elephant or hippopotamus, with its aggressive personality and willingness to attack any being. anything that provokes them.
But in fact, paleontologists believe that the triceratops are not a pure herbivorous dinosaur, because their large bodies need a lot of trace elements to sustain life, In addition, they have very sharp beaks and horns, so scientists believe that they sometimes eat the flesh from the corpses of other animals. This seems quite similar to modern herbivores like cows, rabbits, horses …