1. Luminescent Panellus
This is a fungus that often grows in clusters on logs and is bioluminescent at night. This fungus belongs to the family Mycenaceae, which is the type species of the genus Panellus.
Also known as “bitter oyster” or luminescent mushroom, this is a species of mushroom commonly found in Asia, Australia, Europe and North America. It grows on rotting stumps, logs or tree trunks, and is especially abundant in birch and oak trees. This particular phenomenon of bioluminescence is often referred to as “foxfire” or “fairy fire”.
This mushroom glows throughout the day. But its brightness is quite low compared to other bioluminescent organisms, and they can only be seen best at night. Like most bioluminescence, this fungus’s glow is produced by the reaction between the enzyme luciferase and the compound luciferin, both names derived from the Latin word “lucifer”, meaning ” light”.
2. New Zealand Glowworm
Commonly known as the New Zealand glowworm or simply the pinworm, they are a species of gnat fungus endemic to New Zealand. The larval stage will produce blue bioluminescence.
Also known as “glowworms”, these creatures are endemic to New Zealand and are found in caves and coastlines with high humidity.
Despite their name, they are not actually worms, but rather the larvae and eggs of the fungus-eating fly (Fungus gnat), a flying insect that produces blue bioluminescence. They emit light to attract their prey to silk threads with sticky droplets as traps.
Lightworm bioluminescence is produced in a special secretory organ known as the “Malpighian tubule”, which facilitates the luciferase-luciferin reaction.
3. Comb Jellies
Comb jellyfish are a subphylum with the appropriate group of gastropods in centrosymmetric animals, which move by means of comb plates, which are plates made up of many swimming feathers.
Comb jellyfish are a group of invertebrates that range in size from a few millimeters to more than 1.5 meters and are found in seas around the world.
Characterized by slender, tentacle-like structures known as “cilia” or “comb teeth,” these creatures can all be bioluminescent, rainbow-effect, or both.
The rainbow effect created on their combs is due to the scattering of light as they move, while the bioluminescence usually produces a blue or green light that can only be seen in the dark.
4. Electric Clam
Electric Clam is a species of saltwater clam, a marine bivalve mollusk in the family Limidae, clams. It is known as electric fire clam, disco clam, electric clam and disco clam. The clam has been given these nicknames because its soft tissues glow like a disco ball.
Also known as the “disco clam”, the electric clam is a bivalve known for its flashing lights. Found in the tropical waters of the central Indo-Pacific region, these clams are not truly bioluminescent like many other marine creatures, they produce their own light.
The researchers found that these clams actually have highly reflective tissues at the outer edge of the shell containing nanospheres made of silica. When the clam quickly exposes and hides the soft tissue, it will give the impression that the tissue is flashing light, but in reality it only reflects light.
5. Sea Sparkle
Noctiluca scintillans is a free-living marine algae that is bioluminescent. The bioluminescence characteristic of this algae is produced by a luciferin-luciferase system located in thousands of spherical organelles located throughout the cytoplasm of single-celled protozoa.
Sea Sparkle, or Noctiluca miliaris, is a species of free-living marine plankton, flagellate, usually 0.2 to 2 mm in diameter and commonly found along coastlines, estuaries and areas. shallow sea areas where there is a lot of sunlight.
They are known for producing a common phenomenon known as the “mareel” or “milky sea effect,” in which they glow blue when disturbed by something like waves, for example.
Sea Sparkles have special structures in their cells called “scintillons”, where luciferase reacts with luciferin to produce bioluminescence.
6. Flashlight Fish
Also known as the lampeye fish, the flashlight fish is a family of fish belonging to the order Yellow-eyed bream. This family has 200 species. Lampeye fish live in the tropics worldwide. Some species migrate to shallow water or coral at night, or else they live only in deep water.
Also known as the “lanterneye fish”, the flashlight fish is a nocturnal fish that has special light organs under its eyes filled with bioluminescent bacteria that always glow.
They are commonly found in the Indo-Pacific regions as well as the Caribbean, they use their luminous organs to communicate, attract prey.