The names of the following plants are “scary” but in fact humans rarely harm them, after all, not everyone has the opportunity to come into contact with them. And the following three plants are really killers for humans, they kill millions of people each year, and are considered the most “poisonous” and dangerous plants on the planet!
Erythroxylum coca (killing thousands each year)
Coca is the common name of four plant species in the family Erythroxylaceae native to western South America. The plant is grown as an illegal cash crop in Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru and also in prohibited areas. There are reports that the tree is being grown in southern Mexico as a lucrative cash crop and an alternative source of cocaine smuggling. It also plays a role in many traditional cultural activities in the Andes as well as in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta range. Coca is known worldwide for its containment of an alkaloid compound that affects the nerves as cocaine. The coca leaf contains a low percentage of alkaloids, between only 0.25% and 0.77%. Therefore, chewing on coca leaves or drinking coca tea does not cause the same high levels of high smoking (euphoria, narcissism, melancholy) like cocaine users do. Extract of coca leaves has been used in Coca-Cola since 1885, and in about 1929, cocaine was completely eliminated in this drink. Extracting cocaine from coca requires a lot of solvents and a chemical process called acid / base extraction can easily extract alkaloids from plants.
This plant has a certain degree of toxicity, but is relatively mild, and in ancient times people liked to chew on its leaves. It is similar to coffee, a gentle and safe stimulant. But in modern times, its extract is cocaine. Cocaine itself is a local anesthetic that can prevent or stop bleeding during surgery; however, it is also a powerful stimulant that can cause heart rhythm disturbances, sweating, and dilated pupils. When taken in high doses, cocaine can even cause high blood pressure or stroke. In addition, cocaine can easily induce arousal, and is considered a potentially addictive stimulant drug.
Papaver somniferum (killing hundreds of thousands of people every year)
Considered a precious medicinal plant. In medicine used for the best pain relief in both Eastern and Western medicinal herbs. The extract of this plant is highly addictive. The medical profession recommends not to use in common cases, there must be detailed instructions and direct supervision of the doctor. Overuse can be addictive. The native area of poppies is probably North Africa, Western Europe, Southern Europe and West Asia, but its widespread cultivation and introduction since ancient times overshadowed the region of origin and origin of the poppy. it. It has escaped cultivation and is widely introduced or naturalized, such as in the south and east of England and almost to most of the countries of the world with a suitable temperate or tropical climate.
The plant is of course poisonous, and after ingestion of it, symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, dry mouth and constipation can occur. In fact, very few people will eat this plant because it is highly addictive, but some people try to grow and harvest this plant.
This plant is a poppy, it can be used as anesthetic and analgesic in surgery, saving millions of lives each year; But this plant is also the source of many types of addictive substances, such as opium, morphine, heroin, … According to the World Health Organization report, in 2015, 450,000 people died in the world due to ghosts. drug.
Nicotiana tabacum (bringing death to millions every year)
This is the most commonly grown species of the genus Tobacco, the leaves are used to process tobacco products. Trees are from 1 m to 2 m high. The tobacco plant is believed to have originated from wild Nicotiana species, a hybrid of Nicotiana sylvestris, Nicotiana tomentosiformis, and possibly Nicotiana otophora species. This plant originated in the Americas, Australia, southwest Africa and the South Pacific, but today it has been widely introduced around the world. Some species of Nicotiana, generally known as tobacco / waterpipe, are cultivated as ornamental plants but tobacco species (Nicotiana tabacum) is widely cultivated around the world to produce tobacco as well as other products. other from tobacco.
If people eat the leaves of this plant directly, it will cause symptoms such as thirst, dizziness, nausea, anxiety, irritability and some changes in blood pressure. However, people generally don’t take it directly and rarely overdose. They are taken in very low doses, but the intake is much higher than the standard dose of conventional drugs can cause serious and dependent addiction.
And this is a tobacco plant. There are 1.1 billion smokers in the world, in 2017, the World Health Organization reported that tobacco caused more than 7 million deaths worldwide in 2016. It is a real plant. “King of poison”. The risk of lung cancer in smokers is 10-20 times higher than in non-smokers.