The Kitty Genovese Case
Kitty Genovese was on her way home from work around 2:30 a.m. on March 13, 1964 when she was approached by a man with a knife. Genovese ran towards the front door of the building she was in, the man chased, grabbed her and stabbed her with fatal strokes.
At that moment, her neighbor Robert Mozer shouted from his window: “Leave that girl alone!” causing the attacker to run away. Genovese was seriously injured, she crawled behind the building, unable to call the police or helpers. Ten minutes later, her attacker turned around, stabbed her, raped and stole her money. She was found by Sophia Farrar, another person living in the building. A few minutes later, police showed up, but Genovese was dead on the way to the hospital.
At around 4:00 am that day, the police knocked on the door of the apartment and informed Kitty’s girlfriend, Mary Ann Zielonko of her death. The interrogation of the victim’s girlfriend also leads nowhere, although Mary Ann Zielonko is still considered to have murdered her lover.
37 live witnesses
On March 27, 1964, The New York Times published an article titled “37 murder witnesses did not call the police”. The report alleged that many of the neighbors heard or witnessed Genovese’s murder but did nothing to help her. Later that year, the case was written into a book with the name Thirty-eight witnesses: The Kitty Genovese case.
At the time Kitty Genovese was murdered, many people witnessed the case from her apartment in the building she lived in or the neighboring building, but no one called the police. After the case, public opinion was so frustrated with this episode that it began to call this effect Genovese Syndrome, another name for the Outsider Effect, when a person witnessed crime, wrongdoing. certain left, but choose to stand out.
The case of Kitty Genovese was once shown on HBO in the movie “Girls”
One of the neighbors interviewed is Karl Ross. That night he was drunk, and after hearing a sound, he opened the door and went downstairs to the apartment, when he found Genovese lying on the ground, still alive, and Moseley stabbed her. Karl Ross ran inside and asked his friend what to do, and they decided they wouldn’t be involved in the matter out there.
Sophia Farrar, another witness in the case
The murder of Kitty Genovese is believed to be one of the factors driving the 911 emergency system. In 1968, 911 officially became an emergency number for the entire United States.
That weekend, the police received a report of a suspicious robbery. When the police showed up, they found a television in the trunk of the suspect’s car. The culprit, Winston Moseley, was arrested and brought back to the station, confessing to having stolen household goods dozens of times. Moseley drove a white Corvair, and this surprised Inspector John Tartaglia, who remembers that several Genovese murder witnesses reported seeing a white car. When asked about this, Moseley said nothing.
Tartaglia calls her colleagues investigating the Kitty Genovese case John Carroll and Mitchell Sang. After interrogation, Winston Moseley confessed his crimes and confirmed some more information that only he, the killer Kitty, knew.
According to Moseley’s testimony, he saw Genovese at a traffic light, then followed her home. He is married and has 3 children, confessing this was not his first robbery attack. Two of his other victims were Annie Mae Johnson and Barbara Kralik. Moseley was sentenced to death on June 15, 1964, and then reduced to life sentence in 1967.
Years after he entered prison, he gave another testimony, saying that the man who killed Genovese was someone else, and that he was just driving. Moseley’s son also believes his father attacked Genovese because she cursed and insulted his father. In 2016, Moseley died in prison.
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