Books help you access the smartest brains. Learning from the greatest thinkers is the quick path to health, wealth, and wisdom.
However, just reading alone does not improve your life. You can read 52 books a year without making a change.
Dale Carnegie once said knowledge is not power if it is not applied. And to apply what you have read, you must first remember what you have read.
Nobel Prize-winning physicist Richard Feynman (1918–1988) is an expert in memorizing what he has read. Bill Gates successfully applied Feynman’s formula to the point that he named Feynman “The greatest teacher I have ever had”.
Why do many people forget what they have read
Most people confuse learning with learning. They think that just read, watch or listen that information becomes theirs.
Unless you have a huge memory, all the information you read is just information.
In order to protect ourselves from overstimulation, our brains filter and forget most of what we absorb. If we remember all that we received, we wouldn’t be able to live on this planet.
But people go on acting as if their brain holds everything. They map out for themselves to read a specific number of books each year. Because they were so focused on quantity, instead of studying, they forgot what they read. In the end, for them, reading is just entertainment.
In the 1850s, Schopenhauer himself declared: “When we read, someone else is thinking for us: we are just repeating his or her thinking process. So to learn, we need to think for ourselves.”
If a person reads a book without stopping to think, he or she will neither remember nor apply anything they have read.
You can easily recognize these people. For example, they say that they have read a book, but have not concluded anything. Maybe, they didn’t learn anything from reading that book.
Mortimer Adler made that clear when he wrote: “If someone says: I know what I’m thinking, but can’t put it out, then he really doesn’t know what he’s thinking.”
Fortunately, there is a way for us to improve this situation. We can really learn something from what we’ve read. And we’ve known this for a long time.
How can you remember what you read
Teaching is the most effective way to get information into your mind. Plus, it’s an easy way to check if you remember what you’ve read. Because before you teach, you have to do a few steps: filter the relevant information, organize this information, and articulate it with your own vocabulary.
No one can surpass Feynman in mastering the process. His contemporaries knew him because he could explain the most complex processes in the simplest language. They nicknamed Feynman “The Great Explainer”.
If you’re looking for a way to boost the learning process and want to become smarter, then the Feynman Technique may be the best way for you to learn everything.
The Feynman technique is a method that helps us remember what we read using the concepts of linking and building. It’s a tool to remember what you’ve read by explaining it in simple, understandable language.
The Feynman technique is not only a great formula to learn, but also a gateway to another way of thinking that allows you to break down ideas and redefine them.
What I like about this concept is the approach: intelligence is a developmental process, uniquely combined with the work of Carol Dweck, who accurately describes the difference between fixed thinking and thinking. develop.
4 steps you need to take
In essence, the Feynman technique consists of four steps: defining the topic, explaining the content, identifying gaps in your knowledge, simplifying your explanation. Here’s how it applies to any book you read:
# 1 – Choose the book you want to memorize
After you finish reading a memorable book, pull out a blank sheet of paper. Record the title.
Then, remember all the principles and key points that you want to keep in mind. Many people make mistakes in this step, they just copy their own table of contents or highlights. They do not recall the information they have read, so they cannot learn anything.
Instead, what you should do is to recall the concepts and ideas yourself. This step requires your wisdom. But by thinking about concepts, you are creating a productive learning experience.
While writing your bottom lines, try to use the simplest language you can. Usually, we use complex jargon to hide our ignorance. The “big words” and the “technical words” keep us from going deep into the problem.
# 2 – Pretend you are explaining content to a 12 year old kid
This sounds simple, but it’s not that simple. In fact, explaining a concept as simple as possible requires deep understanding.
Because when you explain an idea from start to finish to a 12 year old, you force yourself to simplify connections between concepts.
If you don’t have a 12-year-old around you, find someone you care about, record a voice message to explain it to like-minded people, or write down your explanation. as a review on Amazon, Goodreads or Quora.
# 3 – Identify gaps in your knowledge and re-read
Explaining the book’s key points helps you to see what you still don’t understand. There will be places that you understand very well. There are places you will be a bit overwhelmed.
Only when you find a gaps in knowledge (ie you find yourself overlooking an important aspect, or difficulty in using words or linking ideas together) do you really begin to learn.
Once you know where you’re stuck, pick up the book and reread the passage until you can explain it in your plain language.
Gaping is essential for you to really remember what you have read and if you skip this step, you will be delusional about your knowledge.
# 4 Simplify your interpretation
Depending on the complexity of the book, you may be able to explain and remember the author’s ideas as well. However, if you feel unsure, take this simplified step further.
Read your notes aloud and organize them into the simplest possible story. If the explanation sounds simple, it’s a great sign you’ve succeeded.
Only when you can explain in plain language will you know that you truly understand what you have read.
We take the knowledge and opinions of others based on trust; which is an idle and superficial way of learning. What we need to make them our own. We are like a person who, when in need of fire, goes to a neighbor’s house to ask, see a very warm fire and sit at the heating place and then don’t remember to bring it home. What is the benefit of having an empty stomach, but it is not digested.
The Feynman technique is a great way to turn the wisdom from the book into your own. It’s a way to break down ideas and redefine them.
According to MED