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Scientists use light that is ’10 billion times brighter’ than the Sun to read a thousand-year-old scroll

Scientists from the University of Kentucky say they are perfecting the technique of using machines to read the contents of a 2,000-year-old scroll. The research leader, Professor W. Brent Seales, who is also the head of the University of Kentucky’s Department of Digital Restoration, told CNN that they had leveraged the power of a synchrotron to read internal content. Use ancient paper rolls. Returning from their business trip in the UK, they brought with them detailed photos of every single piece of text on a scroll.

The home of this synchrotron is called Diamond Light Source. Here, their advanced machine can propel electrons to fly at speeds close to the speed of light, and emit light 10 billion times brighter than the Sun.

Synchrotron rotates energy flow “focus on a laser point“, Professor Seales said,”Generated light waves pass through [các lớp giấy] very fast”.

Scientists use light that is 10 billion times brighter than the Sun to read a thousand year old scroll | Explore

The headquarters of Diamond Light Source.

What is special about this scroll that scientists have to make use of the 10 billion times the amount of bright sunlight? This was when the volcano Vesuvius erupted and engulfed Pompeii and Herculaneum in flames and smog in 79 AD, the scroll buried in the ashes.

It is believed that the scroll is related to Julius Caesar’s birth, but the attempt to open it to read failed: the thousand-year-old scroll was too old to open, opening it normally would cause calendar records valuable history turned into scrap paper. So researchers at the University of Kentucky had to use machines to read the contents of rolled-up papyrus several hundred layers thick.

Scientists use light that is 10 billion times brighter than the Sun to read a thousand year old scroll | Explore

In addition to the help of the “super light” just mentioned, the research team led by Professor Seales also applied machine learning to distinguish clearly what is ink, what is papyrus through hundreds of layers of stacked paper. . Mr. Seales described the effort to obtain materials from a synchrotron facility like Hollywood filmmakers cut images to create such effects.

Professor Seales estimates that it will take 6 months for them to successfully read the ancient scroll. It is not clear what the thousand-year text will be, maybe this is the writing pad of a literate student, but it may also be the brilliant words of an ancient sage.

One of the important things is to know how to connect ourselves with humanity, even though the amount of time passed between the two generations is enormous. If we have worked to preserve it, then we should try to read it”Said Mr. Seales.

[ Æsir Tales ]
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