Just before Halloween in 1961, the Soviets dropped their Novaya Zemlya region the largest nuclear bomb ever detonated by humanity. The bomb named Tsar Bomba (code RDS-220) is a hydrogen bomb with the power to destroy 50 million tons of TNT.
Until now, it was still the largest man-made explosion in the history of the world. The Tsar Bomba test not only exceeded Soviet expectations, it also made Western countries, including the US, wary of their ambitions to continue to race for nuclear weapons.
Einstein had previously said: “TI don’t know what weapons people will use in World War III. But without a doubt, the fourth castration weapon would be stone spears“If the United States continued to develop megaton-sized (million tons of TNT) nuclear programs, that prediction could have come true.
On the occasion of the 75th anniversary of the establishment of the nuclear industry, Russia’s State Atomic Energy Corporation, Rosatom, has decoded documentary footage of the 1961 Tsar Bomba test.
The full movie is 40 minutes long posted on Youtube contains unprecedented material about the process of making a Soviet hydrogen bomb and the moment it exploded during a test mission.
The Tsar Bomba is an oversized bomb. It weighs 27 tons, is 8 meters long and has a diameter of 2.1 meters. The bomb was so large that Soviet engineers had to dismantle a fuel tank and dismantle the bomb bay of the Tu-95V plane to hang it underneath.
On October 30, 1961, a crew member took the bomb to the drop site off Severny Island near the Arctic Ocean. The Tsar Bomba was detonated 4,000 meters from the ground.
The bomb’s shockwave even caught up with the Tu-95V carrying it at a distance of 120 km. The plane crashed freely in the sky and, fortunately, the pilot was able to regain control and landed safely.
Tsar Bomba’s explosions can be seen from a distance of 1,000 km. Its mushroom cloud penetrates several layers of clouds, until it peaks at 67 km, 7 times that of Mount Everest. Residents in Norway and Finland at the time said their windows were broken due to the explosion.
Tsar Bomba’s seismic waves can be recorded around the Earth. It was the equivalent of a 7.1 Richter earthquake, although the bomb was activated in the air meaning most of its energy had not turned into a seismic wave.
The Tsar Bomba is also a clean nuclear bomb, meaning that once it explodes, it will not leave too much radioactive residue behind. At the end of the video, you can see a helicopter flying into the center of the explosion to check the radiation, the recorded level is negligible.
The footage of Tsar Bomba bombs has just been declassified by Russia
Despite being the most powerful physical weapon ever made, the Tsar Bomba was not a viable tool of war. Analysis shows that with its large size and weight, its carrier can be easily detected and intercepted.
Both the United States and the Soviet Union later saw the consequences of the nuclear arms race. Less than two years after the Tsar Bomba test, on August 5, 1963, Washington and Moscow An agreement has been reached to sign a treaty prohibiting the testing of nuclear weapons in the atmosphere, underwater and outer space.
Since then, megaton-sized nuclear tests are a thing of the past. In 1996, the United Nations General Assembly passed the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty with a worldwide nuclear surveillance system to prevent, condemn and punish whatever country violated it.