Even in the time when the world changes and the digitization process has spread to every corner, we still stick with the purses / bags and the precious things in it. Losing your phone will make you inconvenient when you lose your communication method and face the risk of losing sensitive data, but losing your wallet often means that you will have to redo all sorts of cards, sometimes losing your house keys. or lost a small, nice little souvenir or something.
Not everyone is lucky enough to reunite with a wallet, but if you live in Tokyo or have the opportunity to visit this city filled with fanciful neon lights, the odds of reuniting with your wallet or purse will be much higher. .
The city’s population is close to reaching 14 million, meaning there will be millions of lost items every year; But the number of people finding things is amazing. In 2018, the Tokyo Metropolitan Police sent 545,000 citizenship IDs to careless people – 73% of all lost identities found their way home. In addition, about 130,000 mobile phones (accounting for 83% of the number of phones picked up) and 240,000 wallets (65% of wallets and bags falling on the road) were handed to the poor.
“When I was still living in San Francisco, I still remembered the news about someone who lost their wallet in Chinatown who lost their wallet, and someone kindly sent the wallet back to the police.”, Kazuko Behrens, a psychologist working at SUNY Institute of Technology, New York. That kind-hearted man was interviewed by a local TV channel, and was honored as “honest man”.
But in Ms Behrens’ hometown, beautiful Japan, this was not so special that it was praised on television. “For Japanese people, it’s like ‘Yeah! Of course they will pick up and drop the lost ones”Said Miss Behrens. If calculated on the basis of data, it is even rarer for the return of the lost to the lost, that is the incident that surprised a Japanese citizen.
So what will the person who picks up the fall get? It is not a certain reward or the chance of receiving a drop that is unique to the Japanese people. Of the 156,000 handsets handed over to Japanese authorities in 2018, none was given back to the person who picked it up or was recovered by the state; 17% of phone numbers could not find the owner were destroyed.
One more thing must be said: the intermediary took the lost item, the character stood between the person who picked up the falling object and the unlucky person who dropped the item – Japanese police officers had a different face than the image of “police”. Many countries are still familiar. The Japanese police stationed at stations called “kōban”, appeared a lot in the city.
The staff members at kōban are extremely friendly, the scene you often see where they visit Tokyo will be to remind teenage girls to harass or help older people cross the road. “A child will greet the officer every time he sees them on the road. To ensure the safety of the elderly, the police will call each household directlyMasahiro Tamura, a lawyer and also a law professor working at Kyoto Sangyo University.
“From an early age, children are taught how to return lost or abandoned items,” lawyer Tamura said. “The above encourages children to bring lost items to the kōban, even if the amount is only worth 10 yen (about 2,000 VND). Children will bring small coins to the kōban, and the police officer will treat it as any other lost item. Knowing that no one will announce the loss of a 10 yen coin, they will reward the child with the money.”.
In a study comparing the loss of furniture between Tokyo and New York, analysts found that 88% of dropped phones were brought to police by police, far from just 6% of phones. assigned to New York City authorities; The percentage of wallets paid in Tokyo is 80%, while in NY it is only 10%.
Although it is well known that the dense proportion of kōban police stations in Tokyo makes returning lost items extremely easy, there is definitely another invisible element.
Contrary to expensive things like wallets or smartphones, once Tokyo people drop an umbrella, they will rarely find it again. Of the total 338,000 returned to the Lost Furniture Department of the Japanese capital, only 1% of them returned to the owner. Up to 81% of cells will become “temporarily pocketed”. It is also possible to call the use of umbrellas by Tokyoites “extravagant.”
Mr. Satoshi, former regional president of Suginami in Tokyo, confessed that he often “begged” the Furniture Department to lose an umbrella when it suddenly became rain. He will approach the on-call staff, describing his “recently lost umbrella” exactly the same type of mass umbrella sold for 500 yen / one sold at every grocery store; because there is always an identical umbrella lying in a corner, he will always have an umbrella to go to the rain.
It can be seen that Tokyo people are not so honest, right? According to Ms. Behrens, the honest nature of the Japanese has a long and complex history.
Take the public health aspect as an example. Until about 10 or 20 years ago, the fact that Japanese doctors were not transparent about the test results to patients was normal in every hospital, instead, doctors talked directly to the patient’s family. A cancer patient doesn’t even know he has a nasty tumor in his body, let alone knowing what stage of cancer has been.
“The Japanese believe that patients may lose their will to live when they know”Said Miss Behrens. This concept is ingrained in the Japanese subconscious and possesses a complicated past, enough to form one Scientific reports about the situation at the Japanese hospital. In recent years, things have improved a bit.
The examples above are evidence that Japanese people are not as honest and transparent as you believe. They also carry hidden corners like everyone else.
Behrens psychologist said that Japanese people have a separate “fear” derived from the belief of reincarnation in Buddhism, they believe that there is still a spirit world after death.
After the 2011 tsunami, countless people lost their homes and possessions, they did not have either food or clean water to drink. But even in adversity, the Japanese still put the needs of others ahead of themselves. Ms. Behrens relates that to the “gaman” spirit of Japanese culture – that is her ability to endure and to be patient, and to value others more than herself.
The media reported that areas affected by natural disasters in Japan had a lower rate of looting than areas affected by similar effects in other countries. According to Professor Tamura, the occurrence of looting was unusual in Japan. Besides, he pointed out another example showing interesting elements hidden deep inside the human spirit.
Every time there is a disaster, we see a strong Japanese community spirit.
“After the Fukushima nuclear plant had an incident after the earthquake, the pollution caused by the release of the commune left the area isolated for months.Tamura said. “Thefts only take place when absolutely no one is present, neither anyone nor police force witnessed the wrongdoing.”.
Tamura lawyer interpreted the concept “hito no me“, it mean “Evaluation eye of society”. That when there is a human eye – even if it’s not the police, there will never be a theft. Only when no one is present does the evil in each one arise.
Similarly, Japanese Shinto Shinto thinks that every item possesses an inner soul. Japanese culture is imbued with that belief, and in the words of psychologist Behrens, it is also the “fear” of the Japanese that she mentioned: if there is always the eyes of the soul watching People, in addition to always putting the needs of others ahead of themselves, obviously will be compelled to return the fall.
This is a prominent trait of Japanese people – putting others above themselves, taking into account the collective interest in everything they do, they rarely live with selfish thoughts. In the early stages of her career, psychologist Behrens refused to believe that, but after years of research and experimentation, she now believes in the spirit of the Japanese.
In a study related to a mother’s desire to want her children to grow up, Japanese mothers want their children to live a “futsuu”, that is, a simple life, at On average, a mother living in America doesn’t have that thought.
“A person who lives as a collectivist will have the opinion that he or she wants to belong somewhere. Being excluded from the community will be a serious injury to their mental health”Said Miss Behrens. “Being part of a community is important. When you do a good job, return a lost wallet, you will immediately feel that someone in the future will do the same thing.”.
“I believe that something is deeply rooted in us“Behrens psychologist said. “There is a beauty imbued within us, to do something for others. When a deliverer drops it to the police, they don’t want to get anything back. What if the person is in difficulty or desperately needs lost things?”
“The conclusion is that here, the Japanese get their items dropped because of the laws and social rules, not the notion of honesty hidden deep within each person. But it still works”, Professor Mark D. West said. He is an expert on the Japanese legal system, and has also conducted the “wallet” test in New York and Tokyo.
According to Professor West, the concept of property ownership based on the laws in Japan is not “strange”. “Public property is almost non-existent, except that the majority of Japanese consider the umbrella an asset that anyone can hold if the umbrella itself is not well stored.”.
The two main factors that make the world see Japanese people as honest individuals are the vast number of police officers and cultural traditions that have existed for thousands of years – that is to think for others before self-seeking. personal. The Japanese are so friendly, so do not be afraid to smile to the policeman as you walk across a kōban, which almost no citizen of the country dares to do.