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From the Covid-19 epidemic, look back at the influenza pandemic that killed 100 million people to see why social isolation should be taken

Last week, President Trump said, the 1918 flu pandemic had claimed the lives of nearly 100 million people globally and infected people faced the chance of surviving 50-50, “or extremely fragile. “.

During World War I in Europe, the flu struck troops and civilians in the spring of 1918 and then continued to break out in the United States.

One third of the global population at that time was killed by this pandemic – Nancy Bristow, professor of history at Puget Sound University in Tacoma, Washington, revealed – of which, there are 675,000 Americans.

“The death rate in 1918 was very high … around 2 – 2.5%.”, Professor Bristow shared on NPR.

In the fall of that year, the second wave of viruses engulfed the world. Young people and the elderly are seriously affected. Middle-aged people, if not healthy people, also become victims. People aged 20-40 years account for about half of the deaths in the pandemic.

“It is worth noting that the spread of the flu is fast enough for it to appear in places where there is no clear sign of contact.”, explains Professor Bristow. She gave the example of an indigenous village in Alaska, where 72/80 residents died from the flu in 1918 over a period of 5 days.

About 50-100 million people have died worldwide, according to Amesh Adalja, a senior infectious disease physician and scholar at the Johns Hopkins Health Security Center. He put the mortality rate from the 1918 epidemic at around 1-2% globally. Other scholars estimate this rate to range from 10-20%.

All of the above are reasonable estimates. “In 1918, the death certificate and epidemiology were really stubborn.”, explains Dr. Adalja. “We don’t know all the data. And there are many places in the world that aren’t connected to the rest of the regions. So you can’t collect data from some areas where resources are limited but still existed at that time “.

From the Covid 19 epidemic look back at the influenza pandemic that killed 100 million people to see why social isolation should be taken | Internet

Red Cross Volunteers – Boston, MA.

Professor Bristow, Dr. Adalja and other scholars generally agree that about 50-100 million people have been infected with 1918 influenza. Compared to the present time, cases of infection Covid-19 Worldwide, it surpassed the 1 million mark on Thursday.

Similar to today’s medical situation grappling with the Covid-19 epidemic, doctors a century ago could not even do much.

“The 1918 pandemic was the most serious pandemic we have on record,” Dr. Adalja said. “We didn’t have any intensive care room at the time. We didn’t have antiviral drugs, no flu vaccines. We didn’t even know that flu was a virus.”

But one thing is certain, the 1918 pandemic proved that social distance measure really worked, according to Professor Bristow. “In 1918, we applied social spacing but did not know if it worked or not. And now we know. It is very inconvenient, but obviously this is the easiest, the way that each of us can join in fighting this virus, and the results will be very positive. “.

From the Covid 19 epidemic look back at the influenza pandemic that killed 100 million people to see why social isolation should be taken | Internet

The 1918 influenza pandemic was the most serious pandemic in recent history. It is caused by a novel H1N1 virus from a bird. It spread around the world in 1918-1919. In the United States, it was first identified in military personnel in the spring of 1918.

Although the 1918 influenza virus has been synthesized and evaluated, scientists still do not understand the characteristics that make it so destructive. At the time, there was no vaccine to fight influenza infection and no antibiotics to treat secondary bacterial infection that could be associated with influenza infection, worldwide control efforts were limited to Non-pharmaceutical interventions such as segregation, isolation, good personal hygiene, use of disinfectants and restrictions of public gatherings. These measures have been applied unevenly.

From the Covid 19 epidemic look back at the influenza pandemic that killed 100 million people to see why social isolation should be taken | Internet

The 1918 influenza pandemic, also known as the Spanish Flu, lasted until 1920 and is considered the most dangerous pandemic in modern history. Today, when the world has to deal with the Covid-19 epidemic, scientists and historians are studying the 1918 flu outbreak to find clues for the most effective way to prevent a pandemic worldwide. .

In 1918, studies showed that the key to fighting epidemics was social spacing. And that is likely to remain true a century later, in the battle against the current Covid-19 epidemic.

According to PR.org/Nationalgeographic

From the Covid 19 epidemic look back at the influenza pandemic that killed 100 million people to see why social isolation should be taken | Internet

[ Æsir Tales ]
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