Last week, President Trump said, the 1918 flu pandemic had claimed the lives of nearly 100 million people globally and infected people faced the chance of surviving 50-50, “or extremely fragile. “.
During World War I in Europe, the flu struck troops and civilians in the spring of 1918 and then continued to break out in the United States.
One third of the global population at that time was killed by this pandemic – Nancy Bristow, professor of history at Puget Sound University in Tacoma, Washington, revealed – of which, there are 675,000 Americans.
“The death rate in 1918 was very high … around 2 – 2.5%.”, Professor Bristow shared on NPR.
In the fall of that year, the second wave of viruses engulfed the world. Young people and the elderly are seriously affected. Middle-aged people, if not healthy people, also become victims. People aged 20-40 years account for about half of the deaths in the pandemic.
“It is worth noting that the spread of the flu is fast enough for it to appear in places where there is no clear sign of contact.”, explains Professor Bristow. She gave the example of an indigenous village in Alaska, where 72/80 residents died from the flu in 1918 over a period of 5 days.
About 50-100 million people have died worldwide, according to Amesh Adalja, a senior infectious disease physician and scholar at the Johns Hopkins Health Security Center. He put the mortality rate from the 1918 epidemic at around 1-2% globally. Other scholars estimate this rate to range from 10-20%.
All of the above are reasonable estimates. “In 1918, the death certificate and epidemiology were really stubborn.”, explains Dr. Adalja. “We don’t know all the data. And there are many places in the world that aren’t connected to the rest of the regions. So you can’t collect data from some areas where resources are limited but still existed at that time “.