Vietnam used to have war horses and Trinh cavalry, which made Mac, Nguyen and Tay Son the first stage to eat bitter fruits. But by the Nguyen dynasty, I did not understand why, but after 1945, we only looked like pack horses.
The fact that the Cavalry Mobile Police was published on January 21 has become a topic of discussion and in particular there are many ideas that Mongolia horses of such small stature can be available?
In fact, countries around the world still use cavalry because horseback riding moves in the crowd faster than cars and less dangerous to others. The sight of police officers is also better due to their high altitude. And Mongolian horses are completely unlike many people think, do not see them small and despise.
According to scientists, horses were among the first domesticated animals, around 3000 BC. With the terrain of Mongolia, it is easy to understand when it was domesticated horses early.
The indigenous horse breed of Mongolia is a famous warhorse born in the Mongolian steppes and the Gobi desert of the Yuan-Yuan Dynasty in the 7th-XIII centuries.
This breed has remained virtually unchanged since the Genghis Khan period. Nomadic people living in the traditional way of Mongolia still have more than 3 million children today, outnumber the population of Mongolia.
The Mongol Empire once had the largest and most powerful cavalry squad in the world, the horses in Mongolia were very resilient and famous all over the world, they were trained in weather conditions. hard.
And it is also one of the factors that helped Genghis Khan win on many battlefields, even though European horses were larger, faster, but also bowed under Mongolia’s hooves. .
What are the characteristics of a Mongolian horse?
From the outside, you can see that the Mongolian horse has a small body and short legs. But they have strong endurance and can withstand long journeys.
But Western horses can be very large compared to Mongolian horses, in general, most Western horses are taller than humans, long legs and some breeds can run at extremely fast speeds, but Unfortunately, they do not have the same stamina as Mongolian horses.
Another point, according to the nomadic people in Mongolia, Mongolian horses will not be afraid to go to the battlefield, they can communicate with the owners’ minds and will even want to participate in the fight with owner.
In Europe, there are horses that have excellent health and fighting power to be used as battle horses in battle, but when engaged in battles, they are very frightened when they see the sword, fire guns or crowds, and that was probably the reason Western cavalry often wore armor and face masks to limit the sight of horses.
But in fact, the Mongolian horse is just a common name, in nature they have many different breeds, such as Wuzhumuqin, Ordos Wushen, Keqi Baicha iron horseshoe, Abaga black horse, etc. The Mongolian prairie has a cold climate and both humans and horses living on the pasture can endure hardships and have strong adaptability.
But in general, Mongolian horses eat only average stature, even low, Mongolian horses only about 1.4 m high, reddish brown or dark brown. But they have a well-proportioned body, broad chest, slim belly, big legs, strong legs, thick fur, blooming neck, though not as beautiful as Arabian horses but very strong, endurance, eat less, bear Tough in harsh conditions, innocently suited as a mount, withstand long journeys and suitable for expeditions.
Therefore, in the era of cold weapons, Mongol cavalry were considered invincible. Moreover, cattle in Mongolia seem to be able to dig grass to eat when it snows. Even in very cold winters, Mongolian horses do not need much care when they are outside in the cold weather. Therefore, historically they can roam from east to west with Mongolian armies conquering the world in cold areas, they are not picky food like other horses.
They are not very fast running speed, and can not be compared with Western horse breeds, although only capable of running from 30-45km / h but their toughness is hardly any animal compared to In comparison, the Mongolian horses were once known as the “ heavenly horses ” because they could gallop for 10 consecutive hours without eating or resting.
Especially when galloping, they do not raise their heads, instead they are outside, reaching their heads forward so that the riders are not restricted in visibility and very convenient to use the bow and arrow without worry. , can rotate horizontally vertically, left and right freely.
In addition, Mongolian horses are extremely easy to breed, unlike other horse breeds, need a variety of food, rich and must eat salt in the winter to resist the cold, they only need one kind of food. Only grass can also live and grow normally.
In Mongolia, they are trained in extreme weather conditions horses live outdoors year-round at 30 ° C in the summer to -40 ° C in the winter.
Previously, the stallion was castrated so that when marching they would not get craving and go crazy when they saw the stallion was in heat and only the best, most naked males were kept for breeding.
Moreover, the survival instinct of Mong Co horses is very high, they have the ability to find water, food and live very well in all weather conditions.
A steppe horse, its stature is not large, but it has strong endurance and can withstand the dry conditions of the steppe. Mongolian horse breeds are dual-purpose work while exploiting milk for human consumption. If the mare is selected and raised well, it can reach 1 liter of milk / head / day.
Mongolian children learn to ride horses at the age of 3, almost at the same time as they practice their first toddler steps. During the Nadaam Festival, thousands of horses were gathered to prepare for three main sports: horse racing, archery and wrestling. The distance for the horse race is 15–30 km.
Before each race, each locality will select a team leader (also known as Gal in Mongolian) who will be in charge of training their racing horses using special methods transmitted from this life. to another life.
Therefore, it is not unreasonable that in our country, 105 horses of Mongolian origin were received by the Mobile Police Command and introduced the Prime Minister on January 21.
Many people think that they are small and not eye-catching, but in fact should not be disregarded for their appearance. Mongolian horses are “small but have martial arts”. Remember that Genghis Khan, Kublai Khan of the past also used Mongolian horse’s hooves to conquer everywhere, many other large and beautiful horses also bowed to this horse breed.