The Russian researchers said that so far they have not been able to determine whether this is a mummy of a dog or a wolf, or it is possible that it was a species transformed between ancient wolves and dogs. The mysterious mummy was unearthed at a site in Tumat, Siberia in 2011, and inside the 14,000-year-old mummy’s stomach is still a fragment of fur tissue – believed to belong to a fluffy rhino.
“Initially, I thought we had found a wolf,” said Dalen, a professor of evolutionary genetics. However, the initial results of research on the genome cannot show whether this animal is a dog or a wolf. Usually, it is relatively easy to distinguish between the two. So this could be an Ice Age wolf or dog. If this was a dog, it would be the earliest domesticated dog.
Initially, the researchers thought that this piece of hair tissue belonged to a cave lion because they were yellow in color and quite silky, but through many studies and examinations by experts at the Museum of Self History. Stockholm, of course, the results were completely different from what was previously speculated.
“When they took samples and analyzed DNA from the hair tissue inside the mummy’s stomach, the results showed that the owner of this hair tissue was not a cave lion at all,” said Love Dalen, professor di. evolutionary transmission at the Center of Paleontology, a joint venture between Stockholm University and the Swedish Museum of Natural History said.
“We have the reference database and mitochondrial DNA of all mammals and from there, we check the sequence data based on the analytical data obtained, the results show, the master The nucleus of that hairy tissue plate is completely compatible with the fluffy rhino “.
Moreover, this is the first time that fragments of another animal’s tissue have been found inside the body of an animal from the Ice Age.
After radiocarbon dating of the specimen, the experts determined that the skin of this fluffy rhino was about 14,400 years old.
“We previously dated this mysterious dog’s mummified specimen to about 14,000 years old. We also know that the fluffy rhino went extinct 14,000 years ago. This puppy has eaten one of the last fluffy rhinoceros that have survived on Earth, “said Professor Love Dalen.
But in fact, scientists don’t know how this puppy got a piece of fluffy rhino hair tissue in its belly.
Edana Lord, a graduate student at the Center for Paleontology who co-authored a research paper on the extinction of the fleece rhino, shared that the creatures would be about the same size as the pangolin. Today’s white rhinoceros, so chasing and killing the fluffy rhino comes from animals the size of this dog is very difficult to happen.
Currently the dog mummy is still in Russia, however, two researchers Love Dalen and Dace Stanton, 34, brought the animal’s ribs to Sweden to study. Researchers still wonder if this “amazingly” well-preserved mummy was a dog or a wolf, or if it could be a wolf evolving into a dog.
Until now, the researchers still feel curious because it is still impossible to determine whether this mummy belongs to a dog or a wolf. Professor Dalen said: “This puppy must have died shortly after eating the rhino’s flesh because the food in its stomach is still not fully digested. But if it was a puppy, then it was not.” It is very likely that this fur tissue came from a young fluffy rhino, the adult wolves killed and brought it back. And its death most likely came from the mother rhino’s revenge. ” .
The fluffy rhino is an extinct rhino that lived in the Ice Age. They live on the steppes north of the Eurasian continent. They have flat horns that give them the ability to push snow aside in search of grass. The fluffy rhinoceros have thick fur to keep them warm in winter. This herbivore is about 3.5 meters long. They have two horns on their snout, the lower horn is larger than the upper and about 1 meter long. They have a long coat, small ears, large and short legs as well as a toned body. Prehistoric humans hunted them down, and this could be the cause of their extinction. Their shape is known for its prehistoric drawings in caves as well as a nearly intact specimen discovered in the asphalt mine in Starunia, Poland. This conservation specimen is an adult female rhino, currently on display at the Natural History Museum of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Krakow.