Chinese scientists today say they are working on a joint program with the United States to develop a vaccine against the corona virus that is spreading across the continent and killing 26 people so far. .
Currently, there is no specific drug for the new strain of corona virus called 2019-nCoV or Wuhan virus. Patients infected with the virus exhibit pneumonia-like symptoms and are easily spread from person to person.
The World Health Organization has convened two emergency committees to meet this week, but earlier this morning, they refused to declare an international public health emergency (PHEIC), despite the number of people. deaths in China are constantly increasing and more and more countries are reporting patients being positive for the new corona virus.
Currently, reports show that the virus has spread to Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, Japan, Singapore, South Korea, Thailand, Vietnam and the United States.
China cooperates with the US to develop anti-corona virus vaccine, which can be tested in humans in the next 3 months
A collaborative project to develop a vaccine for the new corona virus strain is carried out between Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, the University of Texas, the New York Blood Non-profit Center, the USA and Fudan University in Shanghai, China. .
“Development process [vaccine] will not be able to proceed quickly, we are not sure if it will be possible to develop a vaccine to take before the end of the epidemic.Dr Peter Hotez, dean of the National School of Tropical Medicine at Baylor University, told Xinhua news agency.
Currently, the US has confirmed a new patient infected with corona virus. This 30-year-old man is in isolation and doctors use robots to care for him, preventing the virus from spreading. Based on current practice, Dr Peter Hotez predicts more cases will be reported in the US.
The strange disease outbreak of coronary pneumonia has just begun to be reported in Wuhan City, China from mid-December 2019. The earliest onset patient is believed to have experienced symptoms from December 12 including cough, fever, shortness of breath. X-ray film shows invasive lesions on both sides of the lung.
However, it was not until December 31 that China officially acknowledged the situation in Wuhan, after an investigation revealed that the virus seemed to have been spread from Huan Nam Seafood Market. Local health officials reported that the virus may have spread from animals to small traders and market shoppers.
Huan Nam Seafood Market, the site of the first human coronavirus infection
Huan Nam Seafood Market is described as a “dirty and messy“With more than 1,000 stalls. In addition to seafood, the market also sells chickens, squirrels, rabbits, bats and other wildlife. Huan Nam Seafood Market has extremely poor sanitary conditions, cramming thousands of people. with live animals and animals that have been slaughtered.
It is a golden opportunity to help viruses in animals, called zoonoses, jump, evolve and infect humans.
In response to the epidemic, China sealed off Wuhan city with 11 million people, along with nine other cities with a total of 22 million people. However, experts have questioned whether such a move really helps or not.
Blocking cities can limit the availability of medical aid to the inner epidemic zone. The decision could also distrust the government’s efforts to help prevent the outbreak of the disease, and cause public panic.
At the National Institutes of Health (NIH), US experts say they have embarked on developing a vaccine against the new strain of corona virus. The vaccine could be tested on humans as quickly as possible within the next 3 months.
“We are ready to deal with it“, Said Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, under NIH.”Hopefully in the next 3 months, we will be able to start the first phase testing [vắc-xin] on body“.
Medical experts are also now debating the extent and effects of the new corona virus. Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General, said the Emergency Committee convened by him had a 50-50 opinion on the International Emergency Situation on Public Health (PHEIC).
But eventually they agreed that it was still too early to see the new corona virus in China as a PHEIC. The good news now is that the new strain is thought to be lighter than the cornona virus in its home – SARS caused the pandemic that infected 8,000 people in the world and killed 774 people.
Update the number of new cases and deaths from corona virus, as of January 24 afternoon
Based on data from China, the current mortality rate for 2019-nCoV is only about 3%, compared to 10% for the SARS epidemic of 2003.
Compared with SARS, the symptoms of Wuhan virus infection are also milder. “There may be many people infected with the virus out there who have very mild or no symptoms“, Says Dr. Jeremy Farrar, director of the Wellcome Trust, a global health research charity.
“If so, then we could have thousands of people carrying 2019-nCoV while only a few people die, this disease is milder. [so với SARS]“.
Agreeing with this, Dr. Chung Nam Son, director of the Respiratory Key Laboratory in China, said: “It is difficult to compare this disease to SARS. It’s light. Status [tổn thương nó gây ra ở] The lungs are not the same as SARS“.
Dr. Tedros, WHO director at today’s press conference, said the new corona virus could be fatal. However, for most people it only shows milder symptoms.
“We know that a quarter of those infected are patients with other serious illnesses“he said.”“Most of the patients who die have pre-existing underlying health conditions such as hypertension, diabetes or cardiovascular disease that weaken their immune systems.”