When Dr. Lisa Su, president and CEO of AMD released the Ryzen 5000 CPU series with the latest Venmeer codename on October 8, the tech world broke down. Although it has started to flourish since the first Ryzen generation debuted in 2017, the 4th generation Ryzen with the new 5000 series marks the milestone of the “red team” rise. For the first time, Ryzen’s single-threaded or multi-threaded performance surpassed the competition.
One of the biggest innovations of the Ryzen 5000 is the Zen 3 microarchitecture. Now, a silicon substrate, also known as Ryzen’s chiplet, will have a single CCX complex processor cluster with up to 8 cores at most. instead of 2 clusters CCX with 4 cores per cluster. As a result, performance in applications using up to 8 cores is significantly improved because the latency when the applications that are not optimally placed on non-CCX threads have been eliminated. This is also the general situation of most games today.
In this review, we will test the Ryzen 9 5950X and the Ryzen 7 5800X which represents the aforementioned chiplet design. With 16 and 8 cores respectively, on the IC of these 2 CPUs there will be 2 and 1 chiplet respectively. In this new generation of CPUs, only CPUs from Ryzen 5 5600X with TDP of 65W or less are equipped with Wraith dissipation. AMD-oriented high-end CPUs with TDP 105W need to use good performance air or water heat sinks to ensure heat dissipation for ample core counts.
The box and packaging of the Ryzen 9 5950X and Ryzen 7 5800X are not too different from the previous generation. However, the gray is somewhat darker. Despite being the top-of-the-line CPU, the Ryzen 9 5950X has a simple packaging that is no different from lower-end products. Personally, this is a bit of a disappointment when looking to the other side of the battle line with special CPU packaging for the top-end i9 CPU. That said, when buying computer components, people care about performance, price rather than box. Excessive and sometimes made into an ashtray.
One good thing for AMD is that socket AM4 is still in use after 4 years. While backwards support with older chipsets is limited, this is still a welcome approach. Of course, to get the most up-to-date features like PCIe 4.0 or the ability to enable AMD Smart Access Memory technology when combined with the upcoming AMD Radeon RX 6000 series of graphics cards, users will need to upgrade to a board. The motherboard is equipped with the latest X570 and B550 chipsets.
Thanks to the new microarchitecture, the performance of the Ryzen 5000 CPUs has been reduced depending on the RAM clock as well as the clocks of the Infinity Fabric microchips, especially in CPUs with 8 cores or less. Infinity Fabric clock on Ryzen 5000 is still locked at 1800MHz with 1: 1 ratio with RAM clock in single channel setting, so investing in RAM with clock over 3600MHz is not really necessary. Combining with a pair of 4000MHz RAM as seen in the test configuration also only improves slightly in data processing performance.
CPU: AMD Ryzen 9 5950X / Ryzen 7 5800X
Mainboard: Gigabyte AORUS X570 MASTER
RAM: Patriot Viper Steel 2x8GB 4000MHz CL19
GPU: GeForce RTX 3080
NVMe: Samsung PM981a 1TB
Heatsink: Arctic Liquid Freezer II 240
PSU: Corsair SF750
Also in this test, the performance of the Ryzen duo will be compared with the Intel Core i9-10900K, the top CPU for the personal computer of the “green team”. Although the comparison is somewhat lame because this CPU has 10 cores and 20 threads, the performance of the Ryzen duo, especially the Ryzen 7 5800X will cause many surprises.
The first is Cinebench R20 performance, a benchmark that is considered a basic measure of CPU performance, as can be seen that thanks to the improved microarchitecture and clock speed, the single-core performance of Ryzen 5000 CPUs has surpassed, 20% more than the competition. The multi-core performance of the Ryzen 9 5950X can be considered unmatched right now with 16 cores and 32 threads. Surprisingly, the multi-core performance of the R7 5800X is less than 10% less than the i9-10900K, even with only 8 cores and 16 threads.
Next is CPU-Z with a similar single-core performance story. Thanks to the 19% improvement in IPC, the Ryzen 7 5800X single-core and multi-core performance approached the Core i9-10900K.
In benchmark software such as Blender, Corona, Indigo Supercar or V-Ray, the performance of the Ryzen 9 5950X is unquestionable. However, the Ryzen 7 5800X once again surprised when it outperformed the i9-10900K in some tests like Blender Classroom, Indigo.
With a more practical test like 7-Zip, the popular file compression and decompression application, the AMD Ryzen 7 5800X once again outperformed its Intel counterpart.
Meanwhile, with 3DMark TimeSpy, a test that combines both CPU and GPU, the Ryzen 9 5950X CPU score no longer shows its superiority when it is only 27 points out of 13000 compared to the i9-10900K while having the number. multiply / threading more than a half times. It can be seen that in the applications or benchmarks that are not too new and take full advantage of the CPU performance, Ryzen in general and Ryzen 5000 in particular have not yet dominated.
One of the most anticipated testing is probably gaming performance. In the past, Intel prided itself on having the best gaming CPU on the market. However, this statement is not “longevity” very much when just a few months later, AMD Ryzen 9 5900X took over this throne. Sorry, in this review we haven’t had a chance to test it out. However, the Ryzen 7 5800X and Ryzen 9 5950X are not inferior either.
In each game with different graphics APIs, one of the 3 CPUs compared to take the lead, but the difference is only a few FPS, not significant. With gaming at 1080p on an RTX 3080, the factor that causes “bottlenecks” and limiting FPS is the CPU. If playing these games at higher resolutions, the difference will disappear or equal the error in the test runs. Personally, I think testing games at 1080p in 2020 is no longer practical as 2K has gradually become ubiquitous and high-end configurations have moved towards 4K or even 8K resolution.
The operating temperature of the AMD CPU duo is also quite impressive. Although only cooled by an AIO heatsink with a 240mm radiator, both hit around 85 degrees C in the toughest test Blender, which runs on the AVX2 script and generates the most heat. In other tests, the highest temperature is usually around 70 degrees Celsius. The HWinfo version in the test does not show performance, but according to estimates, the Ryzen 9 5950X will consume about 200W per hour. while this figure of the Ryzen 7 5800X is around 130W. That is how much better a 7nm process is compared to 14nm ++++.
To conclude, the Ryzen 7 5800X in particular and the Ryzen 7 5000 series in general really deserve AMD’s definition of “Best gaming performance in the segment and beyond”. With only 8 cores and 16 threads, this CPU can compete fairly with the Intel Core i9-10900K not only in gaming performance but also in rendering and data processing tasks. 8 times 16 threads is also the number that most games today can take advantage of. This will be the CPU that will suit the needs of the majority of users.
And Ryzen 9 5950X is not only “the best gaming processor” but it is also powerful enough to stand in a single segment. If you have a need for work like 3D rendering, video or simply have a huge need for a super gaming CPU then this will definitely be the choice for you.
In addition to the Ryzen 9 5950X and Ryzen 7 5800X, in this sale, the Ryzen 9 5900X and Ryzen 5 5600X will also be available. “This super quartet” will be priced at 5950X, 5900X, 5800X and 5600X respectively 20,900,000 VND, 14,300,000 VND, 11,600,000 VND and 7,900,000 VND.
All in all, it can be seen that AMD Ryzen 5000 has indeed set a milestone in AMD’s history, like the way Athlon (K7) helped AMD assert itself more than 20 years ago. Once again, I would like to repeat the phrase “through a boom to a hybrid”, an idiom that perfectly matches AMD’s growth chart over the past 10 years. From the initial efforts of the Ryzen 1000 to spark the opportunity to compete, after nearly four years, AMD has become a challenge to compete with the Ryzen 5000. From a chasing position, have to use multipliers / threads to compensate for the performance, AMD Ryzen has grown dramatically to push the competition into a similar situation. This “hegemony” is expected to continue for at least 1 to 2 more years. It doesn’t matter too much because when the two big players in the PC CPU industry compete fiercely, the biggest beneficiary is definitely the consumer.